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Your Second Dog And Beyond – Tips To Keep The Peace In Multi-Dog Households

Getting A Second Dog - Training Tips For Multi Dog Households

What’s better than one dog? Two dogs!

When you have two dogs, they always have a playmate. Bonds between dogs can be incredibly strong – they often mourn when their adopted siblings pass away.

Not every pairing is a match made in doggy heaven. Carefully selecting your dog’s new sibling can make it easier for both dogs to adapt and get along. You’ll also need to learn about keeping the peace in your household. With that knowledge and a little luck, your dogs will be be best friends in no time.

What’s The Best Age To Adopt?

It is not recommended to bring home littermates, as two puppies may be more likely to bond with one another than their human family members.

If your current dog is a senior with limited mobility, a high-energy puppy might not be a great choice, unless you’re certain that your old friend will get plenty of peace and quiet while you tire out the young pup.

Your second dog will pick up habits from your current dog – both good and bad. So, it makes sense to wait to adopt until your current dog is completely house-trained and has good manners.

Boy or Girl?

In a 2011 AVMA study, 79% of instances of aggression between dogs that lived together were of the same sex; 68% of cases involved 1 or 2 females. So, it seems that it would be ideal to have a male and a female or two male dogs, while having multiple females is less than ideal. Even so, this was a small study, and does not necessarily mean that you cannot possibly have a whole household full of ladies. But you may want to factor in gender when you’re choosing a new doggy housemate.

What Size Should My Next Dog Be?

Dogs of all sizes can be good friends. However, there are definitely more risks to having two dogs of drastically different sizes. Even the most gentle giant can accidentally step on their tiny friend when they’re playing. A weight difference of no more than 12 kg can prevent size-related injuries.

Bringing Home Your Second Dog

Your dogs’ first meeting should be on neutral ground. Your current dog may act out if a new dog suddenly appears on their territory. Ideally, you should go visit the shelter, breeder or foster home and take both dogs for a walk together before you make any final decisions.

Some dogs take to their new siblings right away, but it’s not unusual for there to be some tension in the beginning. If you have any doubts, use baby gates and crates to separate the dogs at first. Allow them to get used to one another’s’ scent without the risk of a physical altercation.

When you feel the time is right, let your dogs loose in a wide, open area like a fenced yard. They should have room to escape if they feel cornered or overwhelmed.

Dogs bond by exploring scents together. Surround them with lots of fun toys and engage them with activities to ease off the pressure of directly interacting with one another until they are ready.

How Dogs Communicate With One Another

Brush up on your knowledge of canine body language to help you understand how your dogs “speak” to one another.

Look for loose, happy play, and watch out for tight, stiff body language. It’s normal for dogs to be loud and growly when they play. It’s not okay for one dog to bully the other. Be ready to interrupt overzealous play by calling the dogs away from each other for a break so they can cool down.

Resource Guarding And Jealousy

Dogs do not have a strictly structured hierarchy – one dog won’t necessarily become the Alpha of the other. Hierarchy is fluid – sometimes, one dog will growl when the other comes near their bone. The other might growl when the other tries to take away their toy.

Never punish your dogs for growling at one another. This is one of their primary forms of communication. Usually, the recipient will know to back off. It’s okay to calmly call them away if they are invading their sibling’s space.

It’s best to prevent resource guarding from ever happening. If you give one dog a big, juicy bone, their sibling should get one too. They should have separate eating and sleeping areas, and separate toys.

Also, make sure to give each dog equal attention – that’s why we have two hands! Spend time together as a family, and try to make time to take each dog out individually. Joint hikes and training sessions can be fun, but you should also carve out individual time so you can bond with each dog.

What To Do If Your Dogs Can’t Get Along

Feuds between family dogs can range from mildly stressful to life-threatening. If either of your dogs’ lives are at risk, it would not be humane to keep them together. Even careful management with crates and gates can eventually backfire.

It’s perfectly normal if your dogs aren’t best friends, as long as they can live together peacefully. Not all dogs like to snuggle and play together. Dogs typically prefer the company of humans to that of other dogs.

A positive reinforcement based dog trainer can help you identify any fear or anxiety-related issues, learn your dogs’ triggers, and create a plan for managing and modifying behaviours. Aggression is often caused by fear – fear of losing resources, for example. It is possible to resolve these fears with controlled behaviour modification, but this should only be done with the help of a trainer – sometimes, misguided efforts at fixing behaviours can actually make them worse.

If you need help keeping the peace in your multi-dog household, contact Healthy Houndz today for progressive dog training in Toronto and North York.

Why Every Dog Should Be Muzzle Trained

How To Muzzle Train Your Dog

Muzzles – they’re only for bad dogs, right?

Actually, even if your dog wouldn’t hurt a fly, it’s beneficial to train them to happily wear a muzzle. Even the most gentle dogs may have to wear a muzzle at some point, and preparing them for that moment will greatly decrease the amount of stress they may have to endure.

Why Every Dog Should Be Muzzle Trained

There are many benefits of training your dog to wear a muzzle. The most obvious is to prevent a bite. Any time your dog is scared or in pain, they experience an adrenaline rush and go into “fight or flight” mode. If your dog cannot escape, they will have no choice but to try to bite. If your dog causes a severe enough bite, there is a chance that you may be forced to put them to sleep. Muzzle training can actually save your dog’s life.

Vet visits become less stressful when your dog is muzzle-trained. Blood draws, vaccinations and other potentially painful procedures are easier when your dog voluntary wears their familiar muzzle from home, rather than being forced into one at the vet’s office.

Your dog may also need to be muzzled during grooming, particularly nail trims, whether you do them at home, or at the vet’s office or groomer’s. While it’s best to teach your dog to accept nail trims with positive reinforcement, they may still need to be muzzled as a precaution.

A muzzle can also keep your dog from eating trash outside. Certain dogs, particularly retrievers, will eat almost anything, even rocks, and end up needing expensive surgeries to remove foreign bodies from their digestive tract. Blockages can cause internal bleeding, and are sometimes fatal.

When your dog wears a muzzle, the uninformed public may think that they are dangerous. This can be a perk on walks if your dog is ever rudely approached by people and their children. Wearing a muzzle means your dog will likely be left alone.

Your dog can also wear a muzzle during play-dates if they tend to break skin with their overzealous play bites. It is common for thin-skinned breeds like Greyhounds to wear muzzles when they play to prevent injuries. Of course, muzzles do not protect your dog from getting bitten.

There are many, many other reasons why an ordinary dog may have to wear a muzzle. If your lost dog is ever picked up by animal control, or if they are rescued during an emergency, they may be muzzled. Your dog may also be required to wear a muzzle on public transportation.

What Kind Of Muzzle Should You Get?

Every dog should have their own basket style muzzle. It should be fitted so that your dog can open their mouth, pant, drink water and accept treats while wearing it. Baskerville is a popular brand. The muzzle can be made of plastic, metal or leather.

Cloth and mesh muzzles are often used for short periods of time, especially in emergencies. They do not allow your dog to open their mouth and pant. This can be dangerous for your dog if worn for long periods of time. However, you may want to keep one of these simple muzzles in a first aid kit or in your car in case of an emergency, and teach your dog to wear it, too.

How To Muzzle Train Your Dog

When you first buy the muzzle, leave it on the floor and allow your dog to approach it at their own speed. Reward them for going near it.

Then, take out the muzzle and give your dog a treat so that the very sight of it is a positive experience. The muzzle is a mask of fun times.

Hold up the muzzle near your dog’s face, and reward them heavily for getting close to it. Do not put it over your dog’s face. Instead, deliver a rapid-fire of tiny treats through it, or smear something yummy like cheese or peanut butter on the inside. Your dog should enjoy a few seconds of nonstop yumminess for a few seconds while they have the muzzle close to their face – then the treats should stop when you pull the muzzle away. Soon, your dog will want you to bring the muzzle to their face.

You may have to condition your dog to get used to the sound of the fastener, the feeling of the muzzle being adjusted, and then actually wearing it. All of these things should be introduced gradually. Always work at your dog’s pace and use lots of rewards. Soon, you can put on your dog’s muzzle immediately before going for a short walk – so they’ll not only associate it with treats, but the excitement of going on an adventure.

If you need help finding a muzzle, fitting it properly, and teaching your dog to love wearing it, Healthy Houndz can help! Get in touch today for positive reinforcement based training in Toronto and North York that prepares your dog for real-life situations.

Got The Puppy Blues? What To Do When You Regret Getting A Puppy

Puppy Blues... What To Do When You Regret Adopting Your Puppy

Bringing home a new puppy should be the best thing in the world… so why do you feel so awful?

It’s not unusual to feel annoyance, frustration, even regret after getting a new puppy. It’s okay to think about whether your puppy is a good fit for your household, or if you may actually need to return or rehome them.

The truth is, you’re probably not going to love your new puppy right away. It can take a long time for the chaos to die down. It might be months before your puppy adapts to your household and you fall into a comfortable routine again. By the time your puppy is a year old, they’ll likely be housetrained, they’ll no longer be destructive and you probably won’t be able to imagine life without them.

But you don’t have to feel helpless until that happens. There are many things you can do to soothe the puppy blues.

Puppy Problems Really Do Pass

Does potty training feel like it’s taking forever? Is it impossible to play with your puppy without getting your fingers bitten? Is your puppy chewing on everything you love?

So many puppy issues are temporary. While your training methods may feel like they’re not working, if you’re consistent, your puppy will eventually get the idea. Remember, they’re just a puppy – a baby. Puppies do not misbehave to spite us. They have short attention spans. They are experiencing everything for the first time.

The worst thing you can do is make choices out of anger or frustration. Shouting, spanking or angrily putting your puppy in their crate for a “time out,” can all lead to fear-based behavioural issues down the road.

We almost always expect too much, too soon from our puppies. When something isn’t working, take the time to re-examine the way you’re teaching your pup. Take a few steps backwards. Start fresh.

Get Help From A Professional

No matter how many puppy books you read, nothing beats having customised, in-person help from a professional dog trainer. Modern dog trainers use behavioural science to pick up on the communication issues and natural processes that are causing your puppy’s unwanted  behaviours. They use rewards to modify your puppy’s behaviour and actually help you learn to better communicate with your puppy.

Healthy Houndz offers modern, reward-based dog training programs, board-and-train and daycare-and-train programs to set your puppy up for success. Ask us about our professional dog services in Toronto and North York.

When To Rehome Your Puppy

Sometimes, a pet simply isn’t the right match for a household. This can happen to anyone – and it’s not your fault. If you must rehome your puppy or return them to the breeder or shelter, try to do it as soon as you can. The younger your puppy is, the easier it will be for them to find a new home.

You should seriously consider rehoming your puppy if:

  • The puppy is not compatible with your kids. If there is any risk of your puppy or your children seriously injuring one another, you will likely need to rehome your puppy. Nipping during playtime is normal and your puppy will grow out of it, but if your puppy shows real signs of aggression, or your child is having trouble learning to be respectful of your puppy, it’s best to rehome before a serious bite can happen.
  • The puppy is not compatible with your older pets. It is normal for your cat, older dog and other animals to have trouble adjusting at first. But it is possible for your puppy to kill your cat, or for your older dog to kill your puppy. If there is a chance that any of the animals’ lives could be at stake, it is not humane to keep them together.
  • You truly don’t have time to devote to your puppy. Even with the help of daycare and training programs, there are no shortcuts – you need to spend time training and bonding with your puppy.

How To Safely Rehome Your Puppy

If you acquired your puppy from a shelter or breeder, you may have signed a contract that will tell you what you should do if you have to rehome your puppy. If you do not know, give them a call. It is possible that you are not legally permitted to rehome the puppy on your own. Breeders, in particular, would rather have the puppy back if you cannot keep them.

If you cannot return your puppy, you will have to rehome them on your own. Do not turn to local Facebook groups, newspaper classifieds ads, Kijiji or Craigslist. These ads are notorious for attracting all sorts of shady buyers. Some people buy cheap puppies to use in inhumane backyard breeding businesses, use puppies as bait for illegal dog fighting or to flip puppies for a profit.

You can contact your veterinarian, who might have another client who is looking for a puppy like yours. They may also be able to recommend no-kill shelters and rescues in your area. A shelter or rescue might be able to take your puppy off your hands, or allow you to keep your puppy as a foster until they can help you find a new home for them. Shelter and rescues have networks of potential adopters and usually have protocols to ensure that your puppy is going to a good home.

Is Your Dog A Good Judge Of Character?

Can Dogs Be A Good Judge Of Character? What To Do When Your Dog Does Not Like Someone

Do you believe that your dog can sniff out a good person?

Some dogs seem to love everyone they meet, while others take forever to warm up to anyone. You might notice that you and your dog always seem to get along with the same people… or, you might wonder why your dog has a bone to pick with your best friend.

Though dogs are not always able to tell us who we should and shouldn’t trust, we can’t underestimate how perceptive they can be. New research gives us some interesting insights on how dogs judge people and what influences the way they behave around strangers.

Dogs Are Constantly Reading Facial Expressions

In 2013, researchers at the University of Vienna taught dogs to look at a screen and evaluate photos of human faces that were either angry or happy. The dogs were able to easily identify facial expressions, even if the facial features were isolated – dogs could perceive not only smiles and frowns, but more subtle details like tension around the eyes or a relaxed face.

Can Dogs Actually Smell Fear?

Have you ever been told that if you were afraid of a dog, they would smell your fear and become more likely to attack you? It’s unclear where this belief comes from, but it surely has done nothing to help people feel comfortable around dogs.

Researchers tested this idea by collecting sweat samples from people while they were experiencing happiness, sadness and fear. Dogs exposed to the “fear sweat” samples actually became more stressed. Their heart rates increased, they avoided contact with a stranger and sought reassurance from their owner.

So, it’s true that dogs can smell fear. However, they will not necessarily respond with aggression. They may simply be more timid around people who are anxious. If you’re anxious around someone, your dog will probably react accordingly.

Dogs Notice How Other People Treat You

Another interesting behavioural study showed evidence that dogs can judge people based on their body language and their actions. In this setup, the dog’s owner would try to open a container. A person next to them, a stranger to the dog, would either help the dog’s owner open the container, or turn away, refusing to help. After the stranger either helped or didn’t help the dog’s owner, they offered the dog a treat.

When the stranger was helpful, the dogs happily accepted the treat. When offer a treat by an unhelpful stranger, however, the dogs often hesitated or refused the treat.

Do You Think Your Dog Is A Good Judge Of Character?

These small studies suggest that dogs can use their ability to read facial expressions, understand social interactions and even their sense of smell to judge people. Even so, some dogs struggle with anxiety around strangers and may not be able to settle down long enough to make a fair judgement.

So, do not feel bad if your anxious dog does not warm up to your favourite people right away. A combination of genetics, socialization and training will determine how your dog will react to different people.

Also keep in mind “trigger-stacking”. Meeting a stranger is at least a little bit stressful to most dogs. If that stranger is their new veterinarian, who might look scary in their white coat, and your dog is surrounded by anxious dogs in the waiting room, plus picking up on your own nervous scent… all of these triggers can make your dog more likely to act fearful or act out aggressively.

Do your best to minimize triggers when introducing your dog to new people. It might be easier for your dog to meet people in public places than at home. Allow your dog to warm up to people at their own pace, rather than rushing an interaction.

Powerful Dog Training Starts With Behavioural Science

If you’re working on socializing your dog, reducing problematic behaviours, or teaching new skills, it’s important to understand how your dog thinks. Modern, reward-based training techniques revolve around creating positive experiences and setting your dog up for success.

Ready to learn more? Contact Healthy Houndz today for positive dog training in Toronto and North York.

Should You Let Your Dog Sleep In Your Bed?

Should You Let Your Dog Sleep In Your Bed? Risks and Benefits

Do you sleep with your dog? Statistics tell us that between 20 and 65 percent of dog owners let their dogs sleep in their bed at least some of the time.

There are both risks and benefits to sleeping with your pup. Though there’s no wrong answer, you should be aware of the possible consequences before turning down for another night of wet nose snuggles.

Will Co-Sleeping Make Your Dog Dominant?

In the past, dog trainers and veterinarians widely believed that you had to actively put your dog in their place to keep them from becoming dominant over you. You may have been told to make sure your dog never walked ahead of you, had dinner before you, or slept in your bed, or they might become your Alpha.

Now we know that if you respect your dog, they’ll respect you back. If you’re kind, attentive and consistent, your dog will listen to you. Sleeping together allows wolves and feral dogs to conserve warmth and maintain familial bonds. Allowing your domesticated dog to sleep with you is very similar.

You might choose to teach your dog a cue to get off your bed when asked, or you might teach them to wait for permission before hopping under the covers with you. It’s useful to teach your dog to adapt to sleeping alone in case you are ever sick or just need a night to yourself. But sleeping with your dog each night, in itself, will not typically cause behavioural issues.

Co-sleeping can, however, exacerbate some underlying behavioural problems. If your dog is a resource-guarder, or becomes grumpy when they’re sleepy, they may growl or snap if you try to move them. They can become protective of you or your spouse. In some cases, it is better to keep your dog off your bed, at least until you can work on those issues.

Always work with a trainer who uses behavioural science and positive reinforcement to help you understand your dog and enforce good manners in an ethical way. Contact Healthy Houndz for positive dog training services in North York and Toronto.

Can Sleeping With Your Dog Make You Sick?

Bacteria is everywhere and it usually does not harm us. That said, dogs can carry harmful bacteria, fungi and parasites on their fur, on their paws and in their mouth.

An extensive research paper, “Zoonoses In The Bedroom,” details many cases of people who have gotten sick from their pets. Cases include flea-infested cats that gave their owners the plague (yes, the Bubonic plague), a housewife who contracted meningitis from habitually kissing her infected dog, and a chronic eczema patient who died of septic shock after his dog habitually licked areas of broken skin on his legs.

If you and your dog are healthy and you have reasonably good hygiene, your chances of getting sick from your dog are very small. Wash your bedding regularly and consider giving your dog a separate blanket at the foot of the bed. Wipe their paws when they come inside, and give them a bath after they swim in public bodies of water such as beaches and lakes.

Remember, bacteria has to be able to enter your bloodstream to make you sick. Wash your hands before cooking, eating and caring for children. Protect open wounds and broken skin.

Anyone with a compromised immune system should keep pets out of their bed. This includes children, senior citizens, and those who are going through chemotherapy.

Why You Might Still Prefer To Keep Your Dog Out Of Your Bed

Though it won’t likely cause behavioural issues or make you sick, sleeping with your dog might not be the best choice for you.

Sleeping with your dog does increase the chance that you’ll wake up in the middle of the night. You may also wake up with back or neck pain from sleeping around your pets. If you’re waking up sore or groggy, your dog might be to blame. On the other hand, you might personally find that cuddling with your dog lulls you into a better night’s sleep. 

Your dog can adapt to sleeping with or without you. If you provide them with a clean, comfortable crate or bed, your dog might actually prefer sleeping on their own. Prioritize your own health and comfort, and those of your significant other. Sleeping with your dog might be the best part about winding down after a long day. If not, they’ll still love you all the same.

Why Board And Train Programs Are So Effective

Board And Train North York Toronto

Are you considering a “board and train” program for your puppy or dog?

These programs are a powerful way to boost your dog’s training progress. Spending one-on-one time with a professional trainer in a new environment is very different than going to the occasional training class or working with your dog at home.

Many bad habits persist at home because it can be so hard to break the cycle.

The more your dog practices a behaviour, especially if they find it enjoyable and easy to get away with, the more it will continue. Sometimes, the best way to break the cycle is to take your dog away from the temptations and routine of their home environment. At a board and train program, they’ll be supervised and surrounded with people and other dogs that will lead by example.

How Your Trainer Can Help

A good dog trainer is well-versed in dog behaviour. Board-and-train gives your trainer a chance to observe your dog’s behaviour and understand not only what your dog is doing, but why. Your trainer can get to the root of the problem and help you make long-term plans to work on it.

You should feel comfortable asking your trainer questions. Make sure they are willing to send you photos and updates each day – you’ll be sure to miss your pup! Your dog should be sent home with instructions on how to continue to enforce good behaviours that they’ve learned. Board-and-train is not magic – it’s highly effective, but only if you continue to follow your trainer’s techniques when you get your dog back.

Skills Taught In Board And Train Programs

Board and train programs are ideal for dogs and puppies that need to learn basic manners, like potty training, loose leash walking and learning not to be destructive.

Here are some of the most popular types of board-and-train programs:

Board and train for puppies

If possible, start planning your puppy’s board and train program as soon as you bring them home. The first few months of your puppy’s life are the best time for socialization. Your puppy will be able to quickly adjust to spending time in another home, which is particularly useful if your trainer may also board your dog in the future. Puppies can also pick up good habits from resident dogs – this can speed up potty training because when your puppy sees older dogs going outside for a potty break, they will follow their lead. Check out Puppy Potty Camp from Healthy Houndz for puppies in North York and Toronto.

Loose leash walking

You don’t need any fancy harnesses or harmful equipment to teach your dog to walk calmly on the leash, though a Halti or front-clip harness can help guide your dog without hurting them. The key is to communicate with your dog through verbal and nonverbal cues. Dogs don’t automatically realize they need to focus on us, not just the environment, when we’re out on walks. Having your dog learn to walk correctly at a board-and-train program allows your trainer to teach your dog to listen for cues while they enjoy the walk. Once your dog learns these cues, your trainer can teach you to use your words and your body language to direct your dog without tugging or pulling.

Destructive behaviour

If your dog goes through the trash, chews up shoes or otherwise messes up your home, your first course of action should be to put away tempting items and keep your dog confined with a gate or crate when you cannot supervise them. At the same time, you can teach your dog to be less destructive by directing them to an appropriate toy when they feel like chewing. A board-and-train program takes your dog puts them in a safe, temptation-free environment where they won’t be able to practice this bad habit.

Separation anxiety

Your dog will learn that they can be happy while spending time away from you. For dogs with severe separation anxiety, it can take a bit longer for them to adjust, but they will have the mental stimulation and support they need to get through it.

Board And Train With Healthy Houndz!

One of the potential downsides of board-and-train programs is that some trainers use punishment-based training that can be more harsh when you’re not around. Always board-and-train with a trainer that understands behavioural science and uses rewards to teach your dog – instead of masking the problem by hurting or scaring your dog. Healthy Houndz offers positive board-and-train programs for dogs and puppies in Toronto and North York, plus training sessions and other professional dog services. Contact us today!

What It Really Means To Socialize Your Puppy

What It Really Means To Socialize Your Puppy

When you first get your puppy, everyone from your vet to your grandma is going to tell you, “you need to socialize that puppy while they are little!”

This common advice is accurate, though incomplete. Socializing a puppy doesn’t mean the same thing for every dog owner. It definitely does not mean that you have to encourage your puppy to interact with everyone you see.

Consider how you would like your puppy to behave when they are fully grown. Do you want a dog that is able to focus on you in any environment, unafraid of children, loud noises and tall strangers in hats? Or do you actually want a dog that is truly friendly and runs up to every other human and dog that they see?

If it’s your priority to have a dog that is well-behaved everywhere they go, you’ll want the former. If you plan on doing therapy dog volunteer work, you’ll want the latter.

How To Socialize Your Puppy

Minimally, you should expose your puppy to many different environments with varied sounds, scents, other animals and other people and work on basic cues wherever you go.

If you’d like, you can encourage your puppy to greet people and dogs, but it’s more important for you to be your puppy’s advocate and allow them to make choices. If a child is being rough with them, for example, you should supervise, intervene, and make sure your puppy has enough space to move away when they feel overwhelmed.

This is especially true when introducing your puppy to other dogs. While you may feel less in control of off-leash introductions, having your puppy greet other dogs face-to-face while on-leash can make both dogs feel trapped, which can lead to a fight. If you decide to allow your puppy to greet dogs on-leash, keep interactions very brief, praise your puppy, and then move along.

You may want to teach your puppy to focus on you and wait for permission before running up to people or other dogs. Some dogs may be in training, and some people have allergies – no matter how cute your puppy is, not everyone is going to want to interact with them. Always ask before approaching, just to be safe.

Socializing Your Puppy Before They Have All Their Shots

Puppies go through critical fear periods during which potentially scary situations can have a powerful impact on the rest of their life.

During critical fear periods, your puppy may react unpredictably to different stimuli. One day, they might happily play with your neighbor’s toddler, and the next, they might be terrified of them.

An unpleasant interaction – for example, the child pulling on your puppy’s ears – can lead to a lifelong fear of children. That’s why it’s so important to carefully manage interactions in your dog’s puppyhood to make sure they’re as fun and pleasant as possible.

There are two critical fear periods – the first occurs around 7-12 weeks of age, and the second occurs around 6 to 14 months. The first will occur before your puppy has had all of their core vaccinations, so you may want to begin carefully socializing them around that time.

Your puppy’s core vaccines will typically include parvovirus, distemper, hepatitis and rabies. Distemper and parvovirus are especially common in young puppies that are not completely vaccinated. Your puppy can pick up diseases through contact with saliva, blood, urine and feces. Distemper can be spread through a cough or a sneeze from an infected dog.

Avoid public areas like parks, pet stores, hiking trails and sidewalks until your puppy is fully vaccinated. Even if there are no other dogs present, your puppy may play with a stick that an infected dog has chewed, or putter around infected urine or feces and later lick their paws.

It’s typically safe to let your puppy play on your own property if it is not frequented by strange dogs or wild animals. Parvovirus can survive for up to a year on many surfaces, so take extra care if you have had a dog with the virus in the past. You can also have play-dates with friendly, temperamentally stable dogs that have had all of their vaccines.

Take extra care if you volunteer at a shelter or work around dogs. It is possible for you to harbor pathogens on your shoes or clothing. While you can safely socialize your puppy around people, you may want to have them at least take off their shoes before entering your home.

Is The Dog Park A Good Place To Socialize My Puppy?

Many trainers, behaviourists and veterinarians would advise that you stay away from dog parks entirely. Dogs have died from being attacked at dog parks. Dogs can also pick up diseases – some strains that may not be included in your dog’s vaccines – from playing with toys or coming in contact with urine or feces.

That said, if you really want to take your dog to the dog park, you can lessen the risk that your puppy will get hurt or sick. Aim to go when few other people are there. Don’t let your puppy play with toys that other dogs have used. Get to know the other owners and make sure they are watchful and responsible. Keep an eye on your puppy at all times and intervene if either dog shows any signs of fearfulness or aggression.

Socializing With Doggy Daycare & Boarding

One of the best ways for your dog to make friends is at daycare or overnight boarding. Dogs are only grouped together if they are friendly and sociable, and should be supervised by someone who is well-versed in body language so they can intervene before any problems arise.

Board-and-train programs with Healthy Houndz in North York and Toronto are an excellent way to give your puppy a leg-up on potty training and basic manners while they spend time with other dogs. Call us today to learn more about how we can help you raise your puppy to be happy, confident and well-mannered.

How To Socialize Your Dog

How To Stop Your Dog From Jumping On People

How To Train Your Dog To Stop Jumping On People

Does your dog love people a little too much?

Overly enthusiastic greetings can be cute at first, but it can be annoying, embarrassing, or even dangerous when your dog jumps on everyone, getting muddy pawprints on nice clothes, snagging their nails on ladies’ tights, and knocking over small children.

Dogs just want to be close to us. They jump so they can be on our level, at optimal height for sniffing faces and giving kisses.

You can teach your dog to politely greet people – without breaking their over-exuberant spirit.

How You Could Be Making This Problem Worse

When your dog jumps on you, your first instinct might be to push them back onto the floor, or block them with your knee. Or, if your dog is jumping on your guest, you might pull back on the leash.

Physically moving your dog to the floor can feel a lot like wrestling to your dog. In a hyper-excited state, they’re not understanding “oh, I shouldn’t be jumping”.  Instead, they’re thinking, “this is a fun game”!

That’s why your dog will continue to jump every time they greet someone, rather than sitting politely. Instead of giving them the chance to jump and then pushing them down, you’ll want to prevent the jump from ever happening. The best way to do this is to teach your dog an alternate behaviour – most likely, to sit politely and wait to receive attention.

Using Attention As A Reward

While treats are an effective way to change habits and teach new behaviours, food isn’t necessary when training your dog to sit when greeting people. That’s because you already have a powerful reward at your disposal: attention!

First, you’ll need to teach your dog how to “sit”. This is easily done by luring your dog into the sitting position by holding a treat over their head. Then, add a verbal cue – “sit!” and a hand signal – raise your hand from your side, palm facing upwards.

You might need to use a baby gate or other barrier to keep your dog from rushing up and jumping on you when you get home. There is no need to greet your dog the moment you walk in. Take your time putting down your bags and taking off your shoes. When your dog has calmed down, you can ask them to sit. Once they do, reward them by stooping down to their level and giving them plenty of love.

If you’re expecting guests, leash your dog so they will not have a chance to jump. Put them in a comfortable harness, not a collar that could injure their throat if they do try to jump. Painful collar pops and other physical punishments can actually create a negative association with guests, turning a friendly dog into a fearful one. You don’t want to hurt your dog; you just want to keep them under control until they are calm.

Welcome your guests into your home and let them settle in. Once they do, and they have expressed that they want to greet your dog, allow your dog to walk up to them. Ask your guests not to pet the dog until they sit.

You’ll need some practice before the lesson truly sticks. If your dog jumps on you, simply turn away and do not make eye contact. Avoid engaging with them until all four paws are on the floor. At first, you’ll need to use your “sit” cues. Over time, wait longer and longer before telling your dog to sit. You’ll start to notice that your dog will begin to sit automatically without needing to be told to do it. Affection is a powerful motivator, so your dog will do anything to earn it.

Teaching Your Dog To Leave People Alone

As adorable as your dog is, not everyone is going to walk to greet them. Some people have allergies; some do not like getting fur on their clothes. At times, you may be in a rush and may not want to greet everyone you meet on your walk.

Practice leave it with your dog every time you go for a walk. It’s not just for morsels of food. Your dog can learn to walk past a squirrel, a person, and other dogs. Practice teaching your dog to return their focus on you during walks, no matter what distractions are around. If you play plenty of training games when you’re on walks, your dog will find it easier to focus on you anytime, anywhere.

Get Help With Teaching Your Dog Not To Jump On People And Other Manners

Healthy Houndz is proud to offer positive reinforcement based dog training in Toronto and North York. We not only help you control problem behaviours and teach new skills, but actually understand what your dog is thinking so you can build an even more powerful bond. Contact us today!

Kids And Dogs – How To Prevent Dog Bites

Dog Bite Prevention: How To Keep Kids Safe Around Dogs

When you love dogs, it’s heartwarming to see your kids grow up with a beloved family dog of their own. For some families, the dog is just another son or daughter. We must remember however, that dogs are animals, and all of them, even the sweetest, most tolerant ones, will bite if they feel scared.

A dog bite, even when it’s just a nip, can cause a lifelong fear of dogs. At their worst, dog attacks can be fatal to children. Mild to severe dog bites can lead to the dog being euthanized.

Fortunately, dog bites are usually preventable. By respecting our dogs’ needs and teaching our children to be gentle, kids and dogs can grow up to be best friends with no bite incidents.

Why Dogs Bite Kids

Children love to hug and kiss their family members, and do not understand that dogs can be startled when kids approach them from behind, run up to them, squeeze their neck and get up in their face. We cannot expect young children to fully understand why their displays of affection are not always welcome.

Kids also find it difficult to read a dog’s body language. It’s easier for us to identify a strained facial expression, pinned ears and avoidance of eye contact.

Statistics show 32% of dog bite that happen to children cause trauma to the head, face and neck. It’s not uncommon for it to be a dog that the parents believe to be “good with kids.” Even if your dog normally tolerates hugs and kisses, there  may be times when they are tired or in pain – causing them to snap.

The Myth Of The Nanny Dog

It’s true that pitbull-type dogs have an undeserved bad reputation. It’s not true that they have jaws that lock, or that their bite force is extraordinarily powerful. However, it’s crucial that you understand that they are not nanny dogs. In the past few years, a myth has circulated through articles and memes claiming that Staffordshire Terriers were once used as “nanny dogs” in 19th century England. There’s no evidence that this is true.

While any dog can snap at a child, large, powerful dogs can do more damage in a single bite. That said, a small terrier mix once killed a three-week-old baby. Even small dogs can inflict a lot of damage in a split-second.

There’s no such thing as a “nanny dog”. No dog should be left alone with a child, or forced to tolerate tail pulling, screaming or grabbing. Every child is different. Some could be trusted to be alone with a dog by the time they are ten years old; other kids will take even longer to reliably respect a dog.

Rules Every Kid Should Know

  • Never approach a dog while they are eating. Even if a dog has shown no signs of resource guarding, your kids should be taught to give all animals space while they eat.
  • Never approach a dog while they are sleeping. Dogs can snap if startled awake.
  • No hugging or kissing. Pet the dog on their back and chest, not on the head.
  • Never lean on or ride the dog. Dogs have suffered fatal back injuries after children have been allowed to ride on them like a horse.
  • Do not play games that encourage nipping or chasing. Teach your kids to play with toys to keep the dog from nipping at their hands during play. Kids should not grab a toy while the dog is playing with it.
  • Always ask before petting a stranger’s dog. Never approach a stray dog, and stay away from chained dogs as they tend to lash out aggressively because they may feel cornered and unable to escape.
  • No screaming or running around the dog. Some dogs will chase and knock down children that behave like squealing creatures of prey. Instruct your kids to stop, stand still and “be a tree” if they’re scared of a dog or being chased.
  • Do not attempt to punish the dog. Teach your kids to find an adult if the dog is eating something harmful, stealing their toys or otherwise “misbehaving”.
  • Learn dog body language, and walk away if the dog growls or seems fearful. There are some great resources for this at DoggoneSafe.com.

Finding The Right Dog For Your Family

A dog with a friendly, easy-going temperament is a good match for you and your kids. Remember, a dog’s temperament develops through genetics, past experiences and training. Be extra wary of shelter dogs that may have been abused, or may have a genetic predisposition to being fearful of children. It’s best to adopt a puppy that you can socialize and teach to play safely with your children, or an adult dog that has a history of being a good family dog.

Unfortunately, not every dog can be trained to be good with your kids. Dogs with resource guarding issues, those that jump on kids or otherwise have harmful habits can often be trained, but training and management can take a while. There’s no “quick fix” that will make your dog a perfect citizen overnight. If your dog poses a danger to your family, you’ll have to be willing to put your human kids first.

Get Your Kids Involved In Dog Training

Dog training is a wonderful way for your kid to learn about your dog’s body language and teach them to interact without kissing and hugging. It can even become a lifelong passion. Contact Healthy Houndz today to find out how we can help you and your family set your dog up for success.

How To Make Your Dog A Therapy Dog

How To Make Your Dog A Visiting Therapy Dog

Does your dog bring you joy every day?

As a therapy dog team, you can share that joy with people who need it most.

A therapy dog visits nursing homes, hospitals, schools and universities to bring comfort to people who are lonely, ill, or going through a stressful time.

What Exactly IS A Therapy Dog?

It’s important that you understand what a therapy dog does, and what they are allowed to do. A therapy dog is usually a member of a therapy animal association and makes group visits, though you may be able to get special permission to make solo trips from your favourite facilities.

Therapy dogs are not allowed in stores or restaurants, nor do they have any special rights regarding housing or travel. Only service dogs, who help their disabled handler navigate through public areas, are allowed in areas that normally do not permit pets.

Emotional support animals (ESAs) only provide comfort to their handler, usually someone with mental conditions like anxiety, PTSD, bipolar disorder or depression. An ESA is allowed to live in any rented residence, and their handler does not have to pay a pet fee. They are also allowed to fly on planes for free.

Differences Between A Therapy Dog, A Service Dog And An Emotional Support Dog

Is Your Dog A Good Therapy Dog Candidate?

Not every dog can be a therapy dog. It’s a matter of compatibility. If your dog loves attention from strangers, they’ll love therapy work.

Generally, dogs do not like when random people hug and kiss them. Even a good dog may growl or even bite if they are in close contact with someone they do not trust. It’s vitally important that you only prepare your dog for therapy work if they truly love people.

Respect Your Dog’s Needs

Just because a dog is friendly, does not mean they can be expected to tolerate disrespect or abuse from the people they visit. When your dog becomes a therapy dog, you become a therapy animal handler. That means you’re their advocate.

When you’re around children, it’s your job to teach them to respect animals. Do not allow kids to ride your dog like a horse, lean on them, pet them while they’re eating, or run up and hug them. Instruct kids to speak softly, take turns, and gently stroke the dog’s back or chest. Even if your dog is incredibly tolerant, it is important that kids learn how to be polite around animals because the next dog they see might not be so tolerant.

Even the older people you visit may need to be reminded to be kind to your dog. Also, make sure your dog has plenty of space to walk away from any situation that makes them uncomfortable.

Essential Skills For Therapy Dogs

Your therapy dog should be well-socialized. This is easiest if you are able to start socializing them as a puppy. Socialization isn’t just about meeting lots of people, it’s also about teaching your dog to stay calm in many different environments. Introduce your dog to people in hats, tall people, short people, and people of different ages and ethnicities.

Walk your dog in loud and quiet areas, and wherever pets are permitted. Some public places like hardware stores and restaurant patios allow dogs, but you should always ask the manager before you bring your dog. Give your dog a treat whenever they experience something new or potentially scary to help them build positive associations and make sure they can focus on you no matter where you go.

Your dog should know basic cues like sit, stay and come. Work with a professional dog trainer to make sure your dog is fluent in these skills, and will respond to you even around distractions.

Some therapy dog programs require that your dog pass the Canine Good Neighbour test. Even if it’s not required, it’s an achievement that you can be proud of, and proof that you have a very, very good dog.

Other Requirements For Therapy Dog Teams

You may want to bathe your dog before therapy visits, especially if you’ll be visiting patients who may have a compromised immune system. Clip their nails and round them off with a nail file or nail grinding tool.

Some therapy dog programs do not allow raw-fed dogs because they feel that pathogens may affect some patients. If this is the case, you may want to switch to a dehydrated or freeze-dried diet. If you’re permitted to work with a raw-fed dog, make sure to feed them at least 30 minutes before you arrive, and wipe their mouth and paws.

Some programs require your dog to be a year old before they can start working. During puppyhood, your dog may experience what we call critical fear periods. Your puppy’s personality is still developing during the first year. They may be deeply affected by inevitable accidents like a child stepping on their tail, and could develop a lifelong fear of children that way.

Therapy Dog Program Websites

Visit the program website and speak with the program manager to learn if you and your dog are a good fit.

Pet Partners

Caring Canine Toronto

Therapeutic Paws Of Canada

St. John Ambulance Therapy Dogs

Socializing Done Right

If you don’t know how to do it properly, your efforts to socialize your dog could actually create near fears. Never use treats to lure your dog into an uncomfortable situation. Socialize them at their own pace, or you could do more harm than good. If you need any help building foundational skills or socializing your prospective therapy dog in Toronto or North York, contact Healthy Houndz.